shorthair cat, named for the elegant dancers from the island of Java. The Javanese was developed by cat breeders who crossed the colorpoint shorthair with the Balinese to introduce the colorpoint shorthair’s colors in the Balinese breed. Colorpoints are characteristic large spots of darker fur on the face, ears, legs, and tail, contrasting with a lighter body coloring.
The Javanese has a medium-sized, slender body that is tubular in shape. Although this cat looks fragile, it is muscular and strong. The back legs are longer than the front legs. The slender neck supports a wedge-shaped head that has well-defined bone structure. Both the neck and head are long. Medium-sized, almond-shaped, blue eyes slant toward the long, straight nose. The triangular-shaped ears are strikingly large. The long, thin tail tapers to a fine tip.
The fine silky coat of the Javanese grows longer than the coat of a Siamese, but not as long as that of a Persian cat. The coat looks shorter than its real length because it lies close to the body. The fur is longest, up to 7.5 cm (3 in) in length, on the plumelike tail.
The Cat Fanciers’ Association recognized this breed in 1986, restricting recognition of individual Javanese cats to those with a light-colored coat and contrasting darker, nontraditional colorpoints. The dark colorpoints on the Javanese ears, nose, paws, and tail are limited by registration standards to a tortoiseshell point, a red point, a cream point, and a tabby or multicolored point.